Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
The EU has pressed ahead with new crypto-asset regulations, while the United States is still in the process of identifying gaps in its rules. Countries that are slow to build up regulations for crypto assets could create arbitrage risks that players operating globally could exploit, the head of France’s central bank said on Tuesday.
Security token offerings (STOs) started gaining traction in the crypto industry in 2017 and grew remarkably in 2018 ... However, many crypto Exchanges are still skeptical about STOs and are not ready to list them ... According to reports, Kraken allegedly allowed Iran-based users and other countries to trade crypto.
Congress is considering banning its members — and their family members — from trading stocks ... US bond yields soared with the 10-year up as much as 21 basis points ... S&P 500 ... Elsewhere, Russian crude oil destined for Asia climbed to a five week high while Iran exports fall below the Kremlin. In commodities, bonds, and crypto ... ....
The crypto market had a busy week, with most of the crypto assets showing a high degree of fluctuation ... Here are some important crypto developments of the week. ... Iran recently approved a detailed regulatory framework for cryptocurrency, and the authorities have also restarted the process of providing licenses to the crypto miners under the new law.
Iran to launch CBDC on Sept ...The Central Bank of Iran (CBI) is set to launch its digital currency dubbed “Crypto-Rial” by Sept ... The Crypto Rial will be created by converting some Iranian Rail banknotes into cryptocurrency. Canadian Crypto King’s assets confiscated as investors try to recoup millions entrusted to him ... Crypto Market.
This week, protests in Iran, an investigation into the death of Shireen Abu Akleh and Lebanese bank heists ... Technically, it’s not a cryptocurrency – it’s highly centralised, an affront to crypto-traditionalists for sure – but Iran says the idea is that it would allow the country to move its fintech sector forward.
... to take advantage of crypto technology. Iran set to launch Crypto-Rial on Thursday ... According to past Central bank of Iran (CBI) announcements, the crypto-rial, which would be entirely digital and resemble physical banknotes and coins, is expected to become a new national currency.
Iran becoming pro-crypto. At the start of 2022, Iran allowed businesses to settle cross-border payments using cryptocurrency through the Central Bank’s crypto platform. Iran solidified its stance on crypto after it completed its first foreign trade deal of import goods worth ...
The Treasury recently added TornadoCash, some Ethereum cryptocurrency mixing device designed to disguise the motion of crypto financing, to the trade blacklist in August ...US TreasuryBlocks Residents From Using Troubled Tornado Cash US Treasury says CBDCs can boost commercial bank stability Iran approves the usage of crypto for importation.