Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
** IRAN DAILY ... -- Posters of Iran’s great playwrights’ works to be offered for first time as NFT. Posters of performances by great playwrights Hamid Samandarian, RokneddinKhosravi, Sirus Shamlu, Manijeh Mahamedi, and Sohrab Salimi will soon be released in NFT format for the first time in Iran during an event titled, ‘Artaniom’ ... -- Iran MarksU.S.
The PoW mining sector is of interest to the Biden administration ... Samaras noted.. “It’s important if this is going to be part of our financial system in any meaningful way, that it’s developed responsibly and minimizes total emissions ... Related reading . Iran to Shut DownCrypto Mining Farms As EnergyCrisis Deepens PoW Consumes A Lot Of Power ... Source.
The crypto industry has experienced a lot of turmoil since 2021 till date. There have been many calls for regulations, mining bans, crypto gain taxes, etc ... Before now, China was the hub of crypto mining ... Notably, the massive entrance into Iran and Kazakhstan made the countries embrace crypto more, although they placed some restrictions on miners.
According to a report by the Iranian business news outlet Way2pay, stakeholders have objected to the move, insisting that it’s unwarranted and will hurt Iran’s crypto mining industry, as in 2021 ... Iran legalized crypto mining as an industrial activity in 2019.
The government in Tehran is taking steps in preparation of the launch of Iran’s new digital currency, referred to as the crypto rial ... Do you think Iran will be able to launch the pilot of the crypto rial in the next two months? Share your expectations in the comments section below.
The crackdowns ultimately led to all cryptocurrency mining being banned in China, with many miners moving to neighboring countries, Kazakhstan and Iran in particular. Both of these nations took advantage of the situation and facilitated the newly established crypto business endeavors, albeit with some restrictions.
The upcoming summer season is set to increase electricity demand in Iran... Iran set to cut off crypto miners. A report by Bloomberg said that a spokesperson from the Iran power industry, Mostafa Rajabi, had confirmed that the country would shut down all licensed crypto miners on June 22, 2022 ... Crypto mining in Iran.
During the previous two years, authorities in Iran have shut down around 6,914 unregistered crypto companies ... industry, stated that energy to all 118 authorized crypto mining facilities in Iran will be switched off on June 22 in anticipation of a seasonal increase in power demand.
Authorities in Iran plan to unplug licensed crypto mining facilities as electricity consumption in the country is reaching record highs ... Do you think power supply issues will continue to dog Iran’s crypto mining industry? Share your thoughts on the subject in the comments section below.
It is not clear how long the ban on crypto mining will last but one in 2011 following blackouts in Iran lasted for four months from late May until September ... Cryptocurrency mining was legalised in Iran in 2019 with miners required to sell to the central bank. Iran has used ...
Iran will cut electric power to all its 118 legal crypto mining centers this month as the country faces increased energy demand ... Iran's relationship with crypto mining has been fraught ... According to studies, Iran has also used crypto mining to lessen the impact of sanctions levelled upon the country.
Amidst a massive energy crunch, the Islamic Republic of Iran, will be cutting off power supply to all of its 118 legal crypto mining centers from June 22, 2022 ... With the number of illegal crypto mining operations still on the rise, Iran is currently mulling over increasing the penalties for unauthorised crypto mining operations.
The Middle Eastern nation has gone against licensed crypto miners and will shut down all 118 legal ones in two days, according to a recent report ...Iran allowed certain crypto miners to operate legally in 2020 and has since seized countless rigs that lacked the necessary government-issued licenses.